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Automatic Tube Brushing (ATB) System

General Specification

Automatic Tube Brushing (ATB) System
General Specification


An Automatic Tube Brushing System shall be installed on each air conditioning chiller condensers (absorber and condenser on absorption machine) to provide optimum tube cleanliness and heat transfer.  The systems are to be manufactured and installed by Water Technology of Pensacola, Inc., Pensacola, Florida.

Product Description:

The ATB System automatically maintains tube fouling at or below design conditions without interrupting normal equipment operation.

The ATB system consists of a special nylon brush inserted in each tube and a low-pressure drop catch basket attached to each end of the tube. A custom-made four-way reversing valve is installed to permit reversing the direction of water flow. The reversed water flow pushes the brush through the tube, removing tube deposits. The brush is caught in the opposite end basket and remains there until the flow is reversed again, thus repeating the process.

The frequency of the reversing cycle is set up to match job conditions (normally every four to six hours). The four-way reversing valves pneumatic (or electric) actuator is controlled by a pre-set time cycle that assures regular tube brushing during equipment operation.

Equipment Specification:

Turbo Brush and Basket Sets
One (1) set per each condenser tube.

Turbo Brush (One (1) per set): Each brush to have nylon bristles, titanium wire, and polypropylene tips. One tip will have vanes to cause increased spiraling of the brush through tubes for superior cleaning. Brushes will have an interference fit with the ID of the tube not to exceed 0.025" interference.

Basket (Two (2) per set): Each Basket will have a low-pressure drop design, polypropylene basket with removable 4-prong end-clip; neck outside diameter to the press-fit inner diameter of tube. End-clip shall not restrict basket end more than 25%. Basket shall allow for removal and replacement of brushes from the tube.

Epoxy for Basket Installation: Special two-part water-proof epoxy for basket installation to have a similar coefficient of expansion as tube material.

Four-Way ValveValve shall be Water Technology's Standard HX Valve and shall be of steel construction (A 36 or better), positive sealing type, with all internal sealing parts of hard rubber and 304 Stainless Steel. It will have parallel flow connections to minimize field installation piping and labor. Valve shall be plug type to allow for field adjustment of plug-to-seat clearance to minimize bypass. It shall be manufactured in accordance with ASME Unfired Pressure Vessel Code Specification per Section VIII for operation at a system working pressure of 125 PSIG with a maximum system differential of 35 PSIG(Unless otherwise Specified). End connections shall be flanged, Victaulic or plain, as required. Valve shall be hydrostatically tested to 1.5 times designed working pressure. Valve shall allow for manual fail-safe turning, and have a mechanical position indicator.

Pneumatic ActuatorTo be pre-mounted on the valve. Double actuating cylinder to assure trouble-free operation. The operation to be on 50 (minimum) to 100 (maximum) PSIG air pressure supplied by others.

Position Control SwitchesMicro-switch to be supplied to indicate complete turn of the four-way valve in normal and reverse flow.

Control PanelThe on-load control shall have the following features:

  • NEMA 4x enclosure with mounting bracket.

  • Cycle counter.

  • 24-hour timer to automatically initiate the on-load cleaning cycle.

  • Manual Override of the pre-set cleaning cycle.

  • Power On light.

  • Diverter Position Indicator lights:

- Normal Flow
- Reverse Flow

  • Malfunction Light - To indicate slow-turning or incomplete valve turning.

  • Solenoid valve for actuator operation, to be mounted at control panel or actuator.


  • Flow Switch Bypass.

  • Chiller Unloading.


Shop TestingIn addition to tests specified for the valve, Manufacturer will functionally test the entire system prior to shipment, including valve, actuator, solenoid valve, position indicator, and control panel.

Field SupervisionManufacturer shall supply field supervision of brush and basket installation to assure proper installation and to protect the manufacturer's warranty.

Field Service and Replacement PartsManufacturer will maintain at all times an adequate inventory of replacement parts that are available for immediate shipment. Qualified field service personnel shall be available from the manufacturer (at an added cost) on short notice to service or repair equipment furnished.

WarrantyManufacturer shall guarantee system, when operated according to its instructions, and shall provide a fouling factor in the condenser of .00025 or better.

Manufacturer to warranty components for one year against defective materials and workmanship. Defective parts to be returned freight prepaid to the factory and will be replaced FOB from manufacturer's plant.

Installation labor to be warranted 45 days from beneficial use.

ManufacturerThe ATB System is manufactured exclusively by:

Water Technology of Pensacola, Inc.
3000 West Nine Mile Road
Pensacola, Florida 32534
TEL: 850-477-4789
FAX: 850-479-3056

Information (to be supplied by the customer):

  • Chiller tonnage, Model No., manufacturer.

  • Pipe connection size.

  • Condenser flow rate.

  • Tube size: End ID and ID at the finned area.

  • The number of tubes.

  • Condenser head clearance from inside of the head to Tubes sheet (2 1/4" required).

  • Piping sketch or drawing.

Delivery10 - 12 weeks after receipt of order.

ScheduleFactory to be notified 3 weeks in advance of the required installation date.

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